Issues of sustainability need to be tackled at a programme level if they are to have a realistic impact on the global environment. However, the sustainability argument has to be justified in more ways than it simply being a ‘good thing’.
Eklington (1994) introduced the concept of the ‘triple bottom line’ – success measured by their social, economic and social impact. This introduces complexity – which is where programme management has a role to play.
Programme management was designed to address this kind of change and delivering this complex level of benefit.